Ilizaliturri-Flores, Ian; Correa-Basurto, Jose; Bello, Martiniano; Rosas-Trigueros, Jorge L.; Zamora-Lopez, Beatriz; Benitez-Cardoza, Claudia G.; Zamorano-Carrillo, Absalom
Mapping the intrinsically disordered properties of the flexible loop domain of Bcl-2: a molecular dynamics simulation study

Most of the B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) protein structure has been elucidated; however, the conformation of its flexible loop domain (FLD) has not yet been experimentally predicted. Its high flexibility under physiological conditions is the reason. FLD behaves as an intrinsically disordered region (IDR) and can adopt regular structures in particular conditions associated with the control of Bcl-2's antiapoptotic functions. In a previous contribution, we analyzed an engineered Bcl-2 construct (Bcl-2-Delta 22 Sigma 3) submitted to 25-ns MD and reported a disordered-to-helix transitions in a region of FLD (rFLD, residues 60-77). However, the conformational preferences in solution of rFLD in the nanosecond to microsecond scale were not analyzed. Herein, an average model was obtained for the native Bcl-2 protein by homology modeling and MD simulation techniques. From this, only the atomic coordinates corresponding to the rFLD were simulated for 1 mu s by MD at 310 K. In concordance with previous studies, a disordered-to-helix transitions were exhibited, implying that this "interconversion of folding" in the rFLD suggest a possible set of conformations encoded in its sequence. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that most of the conformational fluctuation of Bcl-2 is provided by rFLD. Dihedral PCA (dPCA) offered information about all the conformations of rFLD in the mu s of the simulation, characterizing a dPCA-based free energy landscape of rFLD, and a conformational ensemble of fast interconverting conformations as other IDRs. Furthermore, despite the conformational heterogeneity of rFLD, the analysis of the dihedral angles (Phi, Psi) showed that this region does not randomly explore the conformational space in solution.


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