Research Topics - Membrane Biology

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Proteins are the workers in cells; they carry out designated cellular functions tirelessly throughout their lifetimes. Some proteins can even hold two different jobs. One example of a dual-duty protein is the bacterial photosynthetic core complex. The photosyntehtic core complex performs the first steps of photosynthesis: absorption of sunlight and processing of light energy. Besides providing solar power, the core complex acts as an architect of the cell by shaping membranes in the interior of photosynthetic bacteria. Combining computational modeling and electron microscopy data using the Molecular Dynamics Flexible Fitting method, computational biologists have recently reported studies of both functions of the core complex, namely, the light-absorbing features and the membrane-sculpting properties. More details can be found on our photosynthetic chromatophore website.

All Spotlights


Structural refinement of proteins by restrained molecular dynamics simulations with non-interacting molecular fragments. Rong Shen, Wei Han, Giacomo Fiorin, Shahidul M. Islam, Klaus Schulten, and Benoit Roux. PLoS Computational Biology, 11:e1004368, 2015. (19 pages).

Enhanced sampling techniques in molecular dynamics simulations of biological systems. Rafael C. Bernardi, Marcelo C. R. Melo, and Klaus Schulten. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1850:872-877, 2015.

A highly tilted membrane configuration for the pre-fusion state of synaptobrevin. Andrew E. Blanchard, Mark J. Arcario, Klaus Schulten, and Emad Tajkhorshid. Biophysical Journal, 107:2112-2121, 2014.

Synaptotagmin's role in neurotransmitter release likely involves Ca2+-induced conformational transition. Zhe Wu and Klaus Schulten. Biophysical Journal, 107:1156-1166, 2014.

A structural model of the active ribosome-bound membrane protein insertase YidC. Stephan Wickles, Abhishek Singharoy, Jessica Andreani, Stefan Seemayer, Lukas Bischoff, Otto Berninghausen, Johannes Soeding, Klaus Schulten, Eli van der Sluis, and Roland Beckmann. eLife, 3:e03035, 2014. (17 pages).

Integration of energy and electron transfer processes in the photosynthetic membrane of Rhodobacter sphaeroides. Michaël L. Cartron, John D. Olsen, Melih Sener, Philip J. Jackson, Amanda A. Brindley, Pu Qian, Mark J. Dickman, Graham J. Leggett, Klaus Schulten, and C. Neil Hunter. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, 1837:1769-1780, 2014.

Structural mechanism of voltage-dependent gating in an isolated voltage-sensing domain. Qufei Li, Sherry Wanderling, Marcin Paduch, David Medovoy, Abhishek Singharoy, Ryan McGreevy, Carlos Villalba-Galea, Raymond E. Hulse, Benoit Roux, Klaus Schulten, Anthony Kossiakoff, and Eduardo Perozo. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, 21:244-252, 2014.

The mechanism of ubihydroquinone oxidation at the Qo-site of the cytochrome bc1 complex. Antony R. Crofts, Sangjin Hong, Charles Wilson, Rodney Burton, Doreen Victoria, Chris Harrison, and Klaus Schulten. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1827:1362-1377, 2013.

Reconciling the roles of kinetic and thermodynamic factors in membrane-protein insertion. James C. Gumbart, Ivan Teo, Benoit Roux, and Klaus Schulten. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 135:2291-2297, 2013.

The p7 protein of hepatitis C virus forms structurally plastic, minimalist ion channels. Danielle E. Chandler, Francois Penin, Klaus Schulten, and Christophe Chipot. PLoS Computational Biology, 8:e1002702, 2012.