TCB Publications - Abstract

Ted Hesselroth and Klaus Schulten. Receptive field and feature map formation in the primary visual cortex via hebbian learning with inhibitory feedback. arXiv:q-bio.NC/0505011v1, 2005.

HESS2005A-KS A linear neural network is proposed for mamalian vision system in which back- ward connections from the primary visual cortex (V1) to the lateral geniculate nucleus play a key role. The backward connections control the flow of information from the LGN to V1 in such a way as to maximize the rate of transfer of informa- tion from the LGN to V1. The application of hebbian learning to the forward and backward connections causes the formation of receptive fields which are sensitive to edges, bars, and spatial frequencies of preferred orientations. Receptive field types in V1 are shown to depend on the density of the afferent connections in the LGN. Orientational preferences are organized in the primary visual cortex by the application of lateral interactions during the learning phase. Change in the size of the eye between the immature and mature animal is shown be an important factor in the development of V1 organization. The orgainization of the mature network is compared to that found in the macaque monkey by several analytical tests.

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