TCB Publications - Abstract

O. Soubias, Shashank Pant, F. Heinrich, N. S. Roy Y. Zhang, J. Li, X. Jian, M. E Yohe, P. A. Randazzo, M. Lösche, Emad Tajkhorshid, and R. A. Byrd. Membrane surface recognition by the ASAP1 PH domain and consequences for interactions with the small GTPase Arf1. Science Advances, 6, 2020. (PMC: PMC7527224)

SOUB2020-ET ADP-ribosylation factor (Arf) GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) are enzymes that need to bind to membranes to catalyze the hydrolysis of GTP bound to the small GTP-binding protein Arf and terminate signaling. Binding of the PH domain of the ArfGAP ASAP1 to membranes containing the phosphatidylinositol phosphate PIP(4,5)P2 is key for maximum GTP hydrolysis, but not fully understood. By combining Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Neutron Reflectometry and Molecular Dynamics simulation, we show that binding of multiple PI(4,5)P2 to the ASAP1 Pleckstrin homology (PH) domain (i) triggers a functionally relevant allosteric conformational switch involving regions distant from the membrane interface, and (ii) maintains the PH domain in a well-defined orientation, allowing critical contacts between the newly exposed segments and an Arf1 mimic to occur. Our model provides a framework to understand how the interaction between PI(4,5)P2 and the ASAP1 PH domain at the membrane may play a role in the regulation of ASAP1.

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